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THYROID & ENDOCRINE SURGERY

YOUR THYROID

Your thyroid is tiny, butterfly-shaped gland that controls your body’s energy level. The thyroid regulates metabolism by secreting hormones into the blood stream. It is normally located in the lower front of your neck. Your thyroid is basically your body’s thermostat for your metabolism.

THREE COMMON THYROID ISSUES
Hypothyroidism:

Your thyroid gland is underactive and doesn’t produce enough hormone. Common symptoms are fatigue, feeling cold, slowed thinking, weight gain, muscle pain, brittle hair, skin and nails, and feeling depressed.

Hyperthyroidism:

Your thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much hormone. Common symptoms: nervousness, irritability, feeling hot, rapid heartbeat, eye problems, weight loss and hair loss.

Nodules:

Nodules are growths of tissue in the thyroid gland. Many times nodules do not cause symptoms or affect the production of thyroid hormone. Around 95 percent of the time, nodules are not cancerous.

THYROID SURGERY

Thyroid problems can often be resolved with medication. But if it doesn’t, there are surgical options. Removing part or all of the gland will resolve hyperthyroidism that doesn’t respond to medicine, although the patient must take medication to replace the lost hormones for the rest of his or her life.

A second reason for surgery is if the thyroid becomes enlarged, it forms a large lump at the front of the neck, commonly called a goiter. Besides being unsightly, a goiter can push on the esophagus, making it difficult to swallow or breathe.

The third main reason for surgery is when thyroid glands develop small lumps called nodules. In rare cases these are cancerous, and in most cases the entire gland is removed. Most of these nodules have no symptoms, but are found during routine imaging tests like MRI scans for back or neck problems.

THYROID CANCER SURGERY

Removal of the whole thyroid gland and tissue is usually recommended if the thyroid nodules are cancerous. After removing a thyroid, most cancer patients will undergo a follow-up treatment of swallowing radioactive iodine pills or fluid about three to six weeks after surgery. Iodine is taken up by the thyroid cells, but not other cells in the body. This radioactive material can be detected on an imaging scan so that physicians can see where it has spread, and the radioactivity also kills the remaining cancer cells. This treatment has few side effects and is generally very successful.

PATIENT RESOURCES

  • Thyroid Surgery: Information from the American Thyroid Association
  • EmPowerYourHealth.org by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) offers one-stop source for endocrine system health information, and insightful, in-depth information about common and complex endocrine and metabolic disorders, including adrenal diseases, diabetes, infertility, obesity, osteoporosis, parathyroid and thyroid conditions.
FORT SANDERS SURGEONS

FORT SANDERS REGIONAL
1819 Clinch Avenue, Suite 200
Knoxville, TN 37916
865.524.3695

Ana K. Wilson, DO

General Surgery

Board Eligible: Surgical Oncology
Fellowship: Surgical Oncology

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NORTH KNOXVILLE SURGEONS

NORTH KNOXVILLE MEDICAL CENTER
7714 Conner Road, Suite 103
Powell, TN 37849
865.938.8121

David J. Harrell, MD, FACS

General Surgery
Fellowship: Surgical Endoscopy and Therapeutic ERCP

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PARKWEST SURGEONS

PARKWEST
9430 Park West Boulevard, Suite 310
Knoxville, TN 37923
865.690.5263

Willard B. Campbell, MD, FACS

General Surgery, American Board of Surgery

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William C. Gibson, MD, FACS

General Surgery

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Michael E. Kelly, MD, FACS

General Surgery
Fellowship: Advanced GI and Minimally Invasive Surgery

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Willard B. Campbell, MD, FACS

General Surgery, American Board of Surgery

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William C. Gibson, MD, FACS

General Surgery

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Michael E. Kelly, MD, FACS

General Surgery
Fellowship: Advanced GI and Minimally Invasive Surgery

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TURKEY CREEK SURGEON

TURKEY CREEK MEDICAL CENTER
Physicians Plaza 1, Suite 310
10810 Parkside Drive
Knoxville, TN 37934
865.306.5820

J. Randolph Reisser, MD, FACS

General and Vascular Surgery

Fellowship: Peripheral Vascular Surgery

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